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Centre national des arts plastiques

Contemporary, Modern and Historical Collections

Historical Collection

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  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
    Jupiter et Thétis
    FNAC PFH-499

    © D.R/Cnap/Photo : Cnap

  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
    Éliézer et Rebecca
    vers 1797-1800
    Huile sur toile
    FNAC PFH-4210

    © D.R/Cnap/Photo : Cnap
    Cette œuvre a fait l'objet d'un transfert de propriété au titre de la loi Musée de 2002.

  • Thomas Couture
    Les Enrôlés volontaires
    L'Enrôlement des Volontaires de 1792
    Huile sur toile
    FNAC 9033

    © Photo : Musée départemental de l'Oise

  • Eugène Delacroix
    Le Christ sur la croix
    Le Calvaire ; Le Christ entre les larrons
    Huile sur toile
    FNAC PFH-4441

    © Cnap/Photo : Musée de Vannes.
    Cette œuvre a fait l'objet d'un transfert de propriété au titre de la loi Musée de 2002

  • François-Édouard Picot
    La Mort de Jacob
    Huile sur toile, 113 x 146,5 cm.
    FNAC 602

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Charles Alexandre Debacq
    L’Enfance de Callot
    vers 1844
    Achat en 1844. FNAC PFH-2266

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Jean-Auguste Barre
    Empereur Napoléon III avec le manteau impérial
    Marbre, 78 x 67 x 47 cm.
    FNAC 7712

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Vincent Courdouan
    Huile sur toile, 150 x 230 cm.
    FNAC 18

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • John Lewis Brown
    Épisode de la bataille de Froeschwiller
    Huile sur toile, 195 x 132,5 cm.
    FNAC 30

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Pierre Fritel
    La Prise de Rome par les Gaulois
    vers 1877
    Huile sur toile, 113 x 147 cm.
    FNAC PFH-2388

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Jules Larcher
    Daphnis et Chloé
    Huile sur toile, 89 x 118 cm.
    FNAC PFH-2256

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Auguste Rodin
    Les Ombres
    vers 1885
    Sculpture en ronde-bosse (plâtre de travail préparatoire pour le couronnement de la porte de l’Enfer), 97 x 92 x 40 cm.
    FNAC 2877

    © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : musée des Beaux-Arts de Quimper.

  • Émile René Ménard
    Le départ du troupeau
    vers 1893
    FNAC 95

    © D.R/Cnap/Photo : Y. Chenot

  • Edgard Maxence
    L'Âme de la forêt
    FNAC 739

    © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : Hugo Maertens Fotografie.

  • Ernest de Bonnencontre
    Huile sur toile, 263 x 175 cm.
    FNAC 1301.

    © D.R. / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot.

  • Henri Biva,
    Villeneuve-l’Étang, le matin
    Huile sur toile, 95 x 155 cm.
    FNAC 789.

    © Domaine public / Cnap.

  • Lucien-Victor Guirand de Scevola
    FNAC 1086

    © D.R/Cnap/Photo : Y. Chenot

The historical collections feature 5,000 artists and over 23,000 works dating from the late 18th century to the early 1900s. It should be noted that most of the works acquired are by French artists (3,680 artists), without overshadowing bodies of works by foreign artists (German, American, Belgian, English, Italian and Swiss). 12,200 works are paintings, and approximately 5,000 are sculptures. The field of graphic arts is represented by some 1,500 works. The rest of the collection is distributed between decorative arts, photography and architectural measured drawings.


This collection illustrates the hierarchy among arts and genres that was codified during the 19th century. It falls within an artistic tradition already established by the Académie under the Ancien Régime. This historical collection reveals the central position of the Salon and Parisian art schools, as well as the tradition of the Prix de Rome scholarship, in the artistic life of France and Europe.

It thus illustrates the various art movements that punctuated the life of the arts: Neoclassical taste, Troubadour painting, rise and triumph of Romanticism, continued presence of Historicism, rise of landscape painting following the Barbizon School, revival of Realism and Naturalism, pronounced taste for Orientalism, and the beginnings of Symbolism in the last years of the 19th century. A certain academic notion of shapes still prevails nonetheless, especially under the Third Republic, with Salon art and its codified and hierarchized genres.


Commissions are typical of the 19th century, amounting to over 9,225 works, i.e. almost half the purchases made during that time. A specific portion of the historical collection is devoted to commissions and purchases of official portraits of the various sovereigns and heads of State, from Napoleon I to Napoleon III. The advent of the Third Republic led to the purchase and promotion of the symbols and emblems of the new democratic regime. This is especially significant at the time of the Centenary of the Revolution in 1889, in particular with the dissemination of the key figure of the Republic, known as Marianne, after the renowned model created by the statuary Jean-Antoine Injalbert.

A large number of copies of paintings by great French, Italian and Nordic masters were placed on long-term loan in religious and public buildings until the end of the 19th century. These works provide information on the taste of the time and reveal the existence of a specific market. Professional copyists were often women and young artists. For the former, this type of commission was often the only one they were eligible to. A copy could also be the first commission or purchase of the State, and some artists would later earn fame and official recognition. Some 6,600 works inspired by masters or creations of the past (sculptures and moldings from the Antiquity, the Middle Ages and Renaissance) were commissioned throughout the 19th century, including 4,650 paintings.

Dernière mise à jour le 23 Nov 2017