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Centre national des arts plastiques

Contemporary, Modern and Historical Collections

Modern Collection

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1905-1960

  • Francis Sam
    Composition bleue sur fond blanc
    1960
    Huile sur toile
    FNAC 27462

    © ADAGP/Cnap/Photo : Cnap

  • Brett Whiteley, Summer field painting, 1962. FNAC 29522. © Droits réservés / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

  • Germaine Richier, Coureur, vers 1955. FNAC 2012-106. © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : Marie de Saint-Ouen

  • Geneviève Asse, Composition à la fenêtre, vers 1950. FNAC 24372. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée de Vannes. © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

  • Jean Lurçat, L’Apocalypse, 1947-1950. FNAC 327. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques à l’Église Notre-Dame-de-Toute-Grâce du Plateau d’Assy, Passy © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : l’Église Notre-Dame-de-Toute-Grâce du Plateau d’Assy, Passy

  • HUA Tianyou, Le Bombardement, vers 1947. Achat en 1947. FNAC 6995. © Droits réservés / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

  • Paco Durrio, Grille, 1940. FNAC 139. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée Henri Boez, Ville de Maubeuge. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Mairie de Maubeuge

  • Maurice Denis, La lumière intérieure, vers 1913. FNAC 6168. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée d’art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : A. Plisson / Musées de la Ville de Strasbourg / Direction des musées de la Ville de Strasbourg

  • André Devambez, Exposition de 1937, vue de la Tour Eiffel, 1937. FNAC 22762. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rennes. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Hélène Peter

  • Fernand Léger, Le Transport des Forces, 1937. FNAC 2015-0477. © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

  • Ossip Zadkine, Torse féminin, 1935. FNAC 9000. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée Réattu, Arles. © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : service photographique interne

  • Tarsila Do Amaral, A Cuca, vers février 1924. FNAC 9459. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée de Grenoble. © Droits réservés / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

  • Maximilien Luce, Chantier de construction, 1912. FNAC 2756. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : C. Lancien, C. Loisel / Réunion des Musées Métropolitains Rouen Normandie

  • Antoine Bourdelle, Carpeaux, 1910. FNAC 3583. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : service photographique interne

  • Charles Camoin, Terrasse à Saint-Tropez, 1905. FNAC 15222. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nice. © Adagp, Paris / Cnap / Photo : Muriel Anssens / Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nice

  • Félix Vallotton, Paysage de guerre, 1917. FNAC 6028. Dépôt du Centre national des arts plastiques au Musée d’histoire contemporaine – BDIC, Paris. © Domaine public / Cnap / Photo : Yves Chenot

The modern collection amount to 34,000 works by 9,000 artists, acquired from the turn of the 20th century until the early 1960s. This collection is divided into painting (over 15,700 works), sculpture (5,000 works), graphic arts (5,000 drawings and 3,600 prints) and lastly, decorative arts (2,000 works).

The collection cover a wide range of artistic realities, and it chronological field is marked by significant developments in artistic creation and its very definition. The major steps can be outlined nonetheless. Compared with the 19th century, the smaller number of purchases through commissions (3,900) and at Salons (2,100) attests to the new methods of acquisition that are gradually gaining ground: direct purchases from artists, and mostly acquisitions from galleries, reflecting a new sociology of the art market in the 20th century.
While the turn of the century was still dominated by the academic system of competitions, Salons and State commissions, a few major artists entered the State collection as early as 1907: Camille Claudel created her Niobide Blessée in 1907 and, that same year, la Petite Lina, a Fauve work by Charles Camoin, was bought at the Salon d’Automne. The famous Odalisque à la culotte rouge by Henri Matisse (1921) would soon join the collection.
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REPRESENTED ART MOVEMENTS
The European avant-garde is represented by works of the New Objectivity movement (two pieces by Max Beckmann acquired in 1931 and 1932), and the Russian avant-garde, with two paintings by Vassily Kandinsky from 1936.

During the 1920s-1930s, the State took particular interest in the development of the various currents and styles at the heart of the artistic debate of the time (such as Art Deco, Return to Order, and colonial painting and sculpture). Mention must be made of the purchases and numerous State commissions under the Front populaire and in the context of the 1937 Exposition Internationale. In fact, that period is marked by new commissions in the areas of statuary and public design. In the same way, the State facilitated the revival of religious art in the context of the Chantiers du Cardinal from the 1930s onwards, particularly in the Paris region, and after World War II, in connection with new debates on the issues of the sacred art of the Reconstruction and the considerations of the Dominican Fathers Regamey and Couturier.

The artists from the New School of Paris were spotted and followed from 1947 onwards: Maria-Elena Vieira da Silva’s La partie d’Échecs entered the collection in 1943, and so did Alfred Manessier’s Coqs Combattant in 1944. During the post-war period still, a number of retrospective purchases were made: such was the case for Hans Arp’s Pépin Géant (1937), Sonia Delaunay’s Bal Bullier from 1913, acquired in 1953, and Pablo Picasso’s works from 1958 onwards.

The State also commissionned from Henri Matisse the large gouache cutout La Tristesse du Roi, completed in 1953. Many works acquired in that period were transferred to the Musée national d’art moderne in Paris when it was created.

Dernière mise à jour le 23 Nov 2017